Cotton Quilt Fabric 3 Yard Medley Asian Hyakka Ryoran Modern Movement Red - product images  of
Cotton Quilt Fabric 3 Yard Medley Asian Hyakka Ryoran Modern Movement Red - product images  of
Cotton Quilt Fabric 3 Yard Medley Asian Hyakka Ryoran Modern Movement Red - product images  of
$17.70
3 yards

Cotton Quilt Fabric 3 Yard Medley Asian Hyakka Ryoran Modern Movement Red

Product Information
Product Type - 3 yard medley. 1 yard cut each print.
Fabric Collection - Modern ovement
Fabric Manufacturer - Quilt Gate
Color - Asian red, off white, green, gold metallic
Theme - floral , Printed in Japan, Oriental, modern
Fabric Type - 100% Cotton
Fabric Width - 43 - 45"
All multiples are cut continuously from the bolt.
Materials used: quality cotton

COTTON QUILT FABRIC 3 YARD MEDLEY ASIAN HYAKKA RYORAN MODERN MOVEMENT RED listed in:

Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Panel,Retro,Christmas,Poinsettia,Apron,American,Vintage,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$4.30
Cotton Quilt Fabric Panel Retro Christmas Poinsettia Apron American Vintage
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Panel,Retro,Christmas,Poinsettia,Apron,American,Vintage,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$4.30
Cotton Quilt Fabric Panel Retro Christmas Poinsettia Apron American Vintage
Lady,Liberty,Wall/,Lap,Kit,Valor,Quilts,Patriotic,Military,57x,49,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$26
Lady Liberty Wall/ Lap Kit Valor Quilts Patriotic Military 57"x 49"
Lady,Liberty,Wall/,Lap,Kit,Valor,Quilts,Patriotic,Military,57x,49,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$26
Lady Liberty Wall/ Lap Kit Valor Quilts Patriotic Military 57"x 49"
Quilt,Fabric,Panel,Plus,Construction,Zone,Backing,Instructions,bulldozer, workers, boys fabric carpenters fabric,cotton material,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$11
Quilt Fabric Panel Plus Construction Zone Panel Backing Plus Instructions
Quilt,Fabric,Panel,Plus,Construction,Zone,Backing,Instructions,bulldozer, workers, boys fabric carpenters fabric,cotton material,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$11
Quilt Fabric Panel Plus Construction Zone Panel Backing Plus Instructions
Easy,Christmas,Fabric,Panel,Plus,Kit,Winter's,Grandeur,4,Tree,23,x,43,thanksgiving, halloween,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$13.75
Easy Christmas Fabric Panel Plus Kit Winter's Grandeur 4 Christmas Tree 23" x 43"
Easy,Christmas,Fabric,Panel,Plus,Kit,Winter's,Grandeur,4,Tree,23,x,43,thanksgiving, halloween,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$13.75
Easy Christmas Fabric Panel Plus Kit Winter's Grandeur 4 Christmas Tree 23" x 43"
Easy,Christmas,Fabric,Panel,Plus,Kit,Tree,23,x,43,thanksgiving, halloween,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$12.50
Easy Christmas Fabric Panel Plus Kit Christmas Tree Fabric Panel 23" x 43"
Easy,Christmas,Fabric,Panel,Plus,Kit,Tree,23,x,43,thanksgiving, halloween,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$12.50
Easy Christmas Fabric Panel Plus Kit Christmas Tree Fabric Panel 23" x 43"
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Brilliant,Browns,5,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$28
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Brilliant Browns 5 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Brilliant,Browns,5,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$28
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Brilliant Browns 5 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Great,Greens,5,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$27.50
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Great Greens 5 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Great,Greens,5,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$27.50
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Great Greens 5 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Juliette,Romantic,Victorian,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$7.25
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2 Strips Juliette Romantic Victorian
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Juliette,Romantic,Victorian,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$7.25
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2 Strips Juliette Romantic Victorian
5,Yard,Pretty,In,Purple,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Lilac,Lavender,Mix,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$27
5 Yard Pretty In Purple Fat Quarter Medley Lilac Lavender Mix
5,Yard,Pretty,In,Purple,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Lilac,Lavender,Mix,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$27
5 Yard Pretty In Purple Fat Quarter Medley Lilac Lavender Mix
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Winter,Solid,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$9
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2 Strips Winter Solid Strips
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Winter,Solid,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$9
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2 Strips Winter Solid Strips
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Fall,Solid,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$9
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2 Strips Fall Solid Strips
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Fall,Solid,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$9
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2 Strips Fall Solid Strips
Mod,Girl,Quilt,Kit,Girls,Teens,Floral,Blue,Purple,51,x,66,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$45.50
Mod Girl Quilt Kit Girls Teens Floral Blue Purple 51" x 66"
Mod,Girl,Quilt,Kit,Girls,Teens,Floral,Blue,Purple,51,x,66,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$45.50
Mod Girl Quilt Kit Girls Teens Floral Blue Purple 51" x 66"
Floral,Fantasy,Quilt,Kit,Spring,Lattic,77,x,93,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$47.50
Floral Fantasy Quilt Kit Spring Floral Lattic 77" x 93"
Floral,Fantasy,Quilt,Kit,Spring,Lattic,77,x,93,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$47.50
Floral Fantasy Quilt Kit Spring Floral Lattic 77" x 93"
September,Sun,Quilt,Kit,Easy,Autumn,Colors,72,Square,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$47.50
September Sun Quilt Kit Easy Autumn Colors 72" Square
September,Sun,Quilt,Kit,Easy,Autumn,Colors,72,Square,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$47.50
September Sun Quilt Kit Easy Autumn Colors 72" Square
Gold,Spice,French,Country,Table,Runner,Kit,Blue,Yellow,12,x,42,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$13.50
Gold Spice French Country Table Runner Kit Blue Yellow 12" x 42"
Gold,Spice,French,Country,Table,Runner,Kit,Blue,Yellow,12,x,42,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$13.50
Gold Spice French Country Table Runner Kit Blue Yellow 12" x 42"
Simply,Batty,Halloween,Fall,Autumn,Table,Runner,Kit,13,x,38,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$12.25
Simply Batty Halloween Fall Autumn Table Runner Kit 13" x 38"
Simply,Batty,Halloween,Fall,Autumn,Table,Runner,Kit,13,x,38,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$12.25
Simply Batty Halloween Fall Autumn Table Runner Kit 13" x 38"
Acorn,Hollow,Table,Runner,Kit,Easy,Kitchen,Or,Wall,Decor,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$13
Acorn Hollow Table Runner Kit Easy Kitchen Or Wall Decor
Acorn,Hollow,Table,Runner,Kit,Easy,Kitchen,Or,Wall,Decor,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$13
Acorn Hollow Table Runner Kit Easy Kitchen Or Wall Decor
Night,Sky,Enchantment,Stars,Quilt,Kit,Modern,Colorful,64,x,80,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$55
Night Sky Enchantment Stars Quilt Kit Modern Colorful 64" x 80"
Night,Sky,Enchantment,Stars,Quilt,Kit,Modern,Colorful,64,x,80,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$55
Night Sky Enchantment Stars Quilt Kit Modern Colorful 64" x 80"
Polar,Powder,Winter,Blue,White,Easy,Quilt,Kit,57,x,73,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$39
Polar Powder Winter Blue White Easy Quilt Kit 57" x 73"
Polar,Powder,Winter,Blue,White,Easy,Quilt,Kit,57,x,73,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$39
Polar Powder Winter Blue White Easy Quilt Kit 57" x 73"
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Elemental,Mirage,6,1/4Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$29.50
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Elemental Mirage 6 1/4Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Elemental,Mirage,6,1/4Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$29.50
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Elemental Mirage 6 1/4Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Candy,Muted,Solids,4,1/4,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$20
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Candy Muted Solids 4 1/4 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Candy,Muted,Solids,4,1/4,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$20
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Candy Muted Solids 4 1/4 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Candy,Rich,Solids,4,1/4,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$20
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Candy Rich Solids 4 1/4 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Candy,Rich,Solids,4,1/4,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$20
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Candy Rich Solids 4 1/4 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Layer,Cake,10,Squares,Faux,Burlap,Stack,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$8
Cotton Quilt Fabric Layer Cake 10" Squares Faux Burlap Stack
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Layer,Cake,10,Squares,Faux,Burlap,Stack,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$8
Cotton Quilt Fabric Layer Cake 10" Squares Faux Burlap Stack
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Layer,Cake,10,Squares,Elemental,Mirage,Stack,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$9.75
Cotton Quilt Fabric Layer Cake 10" Squares Elemental Mirage Stack
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Layer,Cake,10,Squares,Elemental,Mirage,Stack,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$9.75
Cotton Quilt Fabric Layer Cake 10" Squares Elemental Mirage Stack
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Layer,Cake,10,Squares,Candy,Soft,Solids,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$6
Cotton Quilt Fabric Layer Cake 10" Squares Candy Soft Solids
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Layer,Cake,10,Squares,Candy,Soft,Solids,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$6
Cotton Quilt Fabric Layer Cake 10" Squares Candy Soft Solids
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Faux,Burlap,Textures,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$7.75
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2" Strips Faux Burlap Textures
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Faux,Burlap,Textures,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$7.75
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2" Strips Faux Burlap Textures
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Candy,Soft,Solids,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$6
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2" Strips Candy Soft Solids
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Jelly,Roll,2,1/2,Strips,Candy,Soft,Solids,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$6
Cotton Quilt Fabric Jelly Roll 2 1/2" Strips Candy Soft Solids
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Easter,Parade,Medley,Spring,Florals,Bunnies,2,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$8.90
Cotton Quilt Fabric Easter Parade Fabric Medley Spring Florals Bunnies 2 Yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Easter,Parade,Medley,Spring,Florals,Bunnies,2,Yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$8.90
Cotton Quilt Fabric Easter Parade Fabric Medley Spring Florals Bunnies 2 Yards
Tribute,to,Patriots,Quilt,Kit,Patriotic,4Th,Of,July,American,Flag,Valor,57,x,65,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$37.25
Tribute to Patriots Quilt Kit Patriotic 4Th Of July American Flag Valor 57" x 65"
Tribute,to,Patriots,Quilt,Kit,Patriotic,4Th,Of,July,American,Flag,Valor,57,x,65,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$37.25
Tribute to Patriots Quilt Kit Patriotic 4Th Of July American Flag Valor 57" x 65"
Easy,Rose,Parade,Quilt,Kit,Beginners,Floral,Pastels,60,x,73,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$37.75
Easy Rose Parade Quilt Kit Beginners Floral Pastels 60" x 73"
Easy,Rose,Parade,Quilt,Kit,Beginners,Floral,Pastels,60,x,73,kit,quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$37.75
Easy Rose Parade Quilt Kit Beginners Floral Pastels 60" x 73"
Fab,Friend'zy,Panel,Plus,Fat,Quarters,Modern,Medley,By,Henry,Glass,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$21
Fab Friend'zy Panel Plus Fat Quarters Modern Medley By Henry Glass
Fab,Friend'zy,Panel,Plus,Fat,Quarters,Modern,Medley,By,Henry,Glass,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$21
Fab Friend'zy Panel Plus Fat Quarters Modern Medley By Henry Glass
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Joyful,Pansie,Fower,Mix,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$21
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Joyful Pansie Fower Mix
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Joyful,Pansie,Fower,Mix,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$21
Cotton Quilt Fabric Fat Quarter Medley Joyful Pansie Fower Mix
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Wildflower,Summer,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Multi,5,yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$25.75
Cotton Quilt Fabric Wildflower Summer Fat Quarter Medley Multi 5 yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Wildflower,Summer,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Multi,5,yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$25.75
Cotton Quilt Fabric Wildflower Summer Fat Quarter Medley Multi 5 yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Country,Folk,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Multi,4,1/2,yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$22.50
Cotton Quilt Fabric Country Folk Fat Quarter Medley Multi 4 1/2 yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Country,Folk,Fat,Quarter,Medley,Multi,4,1/2,yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$22.50
Cotton Quilt Fabric Country Folk Fat Quarter Medley Multi 4 1/2 yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Heirloom,Manor,Beatrix,Fall,Pastels,Medley,2,yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$11.70
Cotton Quilt Fabric Heirloom Manor Beatrix Fall Pastels Medley 2 yards
Cotton,Quilt,Fabric,Heirloom,Manor,Beatrix,Fall,Pastels,Medley,2,yards,,quilt backing, dresses, quilt fabric,cotton material,auntie chris quilt,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$11.70
Cotton Quilt Fabric Heirloom Manor Beatrix Fall Pastels Medley 2 yards
Christmas,Fabric,Panel,Plus,The,Polar,Express,Top,Backing,Pattern,auntie chris quilt,quilt fabric,cotton material,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$12
Christmas Fabric Panel Plus The Polar Express Top Backing Pattern
Christmas,Fabric,Panel,Plus,The,Polar,Express,Top,Backing,Pattern,auntie chris quilt,quilt fabric,cotton material,sewing,crafts,quilting,online fabric,sale fabric
$12
Christmas Fabric Panel Plus The Polar Express Top Backing Pattern